Space Launch Report:  R-7/Soyuz Data Sheet
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Soyuz-Fregat (Starsem)R-7/Soyuz

Vehicle Configurations

Vehicle Components

Launch History Since January 1, 2000

The Soyuz launcher is the latest in a remarkable series of rockets based on Korolev's original R-7 (Semyorka). R-7 was the first intercontinental ballistic missile, able to hurl heavy thermonuclear warheads to U.S. cities. R-7-based launchers launched the first earth orbiting satellite, boosted the first man into space, and sent the first spacecraft to the Moon, to Venus, and into solar orbit.

Taken together, all R-7 types have logged more than 1,800 launches since 1956, far more than any other space launcher. Soyuz, the current three-stage version, has flown more than 860 times since its first launch in 1965. The Soyuz rocket is best known for boosting manned Soyuz and unmanned Progress cargo spacecraft into low earth orbit from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, but many more have launched reconnaisance and scientific satellites from both Baikonur and from Russia's once secret Plestesk Northern Cosmodrome. Soyuz can put more than 7 metric tons into low earth orbit (LEO).

Molniya, a four stage R-7 variant most often used to boost communication satellites into highly elliptical 12-hour orbits, flew more than 300 times from Plestesk since 1960. Molniya could boost about 2 tons into the high-inclination 12-hour "Molniya" orbit.  It was replaced by Soyuz 2-1b/Fregat variants after 2010.

A new serial-stage Soyuz 2-1v variant, without boosters, that used a single NK-33A main engine on its first stage was planned to enter service in 2013 or 2014.

Soyuz TM-34 Manned Flight Horizontal Processing (TsSKB Progress)During the late 1970s and early 1980s, nearly 60 Soyuz/Molniya rockets were built at the Samara Space Center plant (now called TsSKB-Progress) in Samara, Russia each year.  Even as Semyorka launch rates exceeded one per week, the rocket's mission reliability improved to better than 0.97, among the best in the world.   

In 1996, Starsem, a Russian-European joint venture, was established to market the Soyuz launcher for commercial use. Starsem, headquartered in Paris, France, and owned by EADS (35%), Arianespace (15%), the Russian Aeronautics and Space Agency, Rosaviacosmos (25%), and the Samara Space Center, TsSKB-Progress (25%).

Starsem funded development of two new restartable fourth stages, Ikar and Fregat, and bankrolled improvements to the Soyuz launcher. The base Soyuz-U was initally upgraded to become Soyuz-FG with more powerful booster and core stage engines. Meanwhile, development of the Soyuz-ST series (initiated with Soyuz-2-1a and Soyuz-2-1b upgrades), with a larger payload fairing, upgraded digital control system, and more efficient upper stage engine, was begun.

Ikar, used for six Globalstar constellation launches in 1999, was supplanted by the more powerful Fregat in 2000. With Fregat, the Soyuz launch vehicle can perform commercial missions to geosynchronous transfer orbit (GTO) or can boost civilian reseach spacecraft into deep space. With continued use by the Russian government, for International Space Station (ISS) missions, and for Starsem commercial missions (which include European Space Agency flights), Soyuz/Molniya continues to be the world's busiest space launcher, flying 10-15 times per year.

Soyuz TMA-1 Booster Displays 32 Thrust ChambersThe basic three stage Soyuz uses the time-tested Semyorka booster, consisting of a core stage and four strap-on boosters.  Each booster is powered by an RD-107 kerosene/liquid oxygen (LOX) engine (RD-107A for Soyuz-FG and Soyuz-ST), composed of four fixed thrust chambers and two gimballed verniers.  An RD-108 (or RD-108A), basically an RD-107 with four, instead of two, verniers, powers the core stage.  At liftoff, all 32 thrust chambers ignite to produce nearly 423 tons of thrust. 

Each booster carries its own LOX in a forward, tapered tank and kerosene in a cylindrical, aft tank.  The core stage aft kerosene tank is nestled within the boosters at liftoff, while the larger diameter core LOX tank is positioned above the booster attach points.  The boosters (first stage) shut down and fall away after 118 seconds.  The core (second) stage continues its burn, shutting down 286 seconds (Soyuz-U) or 290 seconds (Soyuz-FG and Soyuz-ST) after ignition.   

The Soyuz third stage, powered by a single RD-0110 LOX/kerosene engine composed of four, fixed main thrust chambers and four gimballed verniers, ignites while attached to the first stage.  A lattice structure allows exhaust gases to escape during the start sequence.  After staging, a three-part aerodynamic skirt, below the LOX tank at the base of the third stage, is jettisoned. On a three-stage mission, RD-0110 provides 30.4 tons thrust for about 240 seconds to inject itself and its payload into orbit. On a four-stage flight, two options are available. The third stage can either propel Fregat into orbit or Fregat can perform an initial burn to reach orbit, leaving the third stage to fall back to earth on a suborbital trajectory.

Soyuz-2-1a first flew on a successful suborbital test flight from Plestesk in November 2004.  Its first Baikonur launch for Starsem was planned for mid-2006.  The upgraded design features a new digital control computer and inertial measurement unit.  The new control systems allow Soyuz to perform in-flight roll and dog-leg maneuvers for the first time.  Previously, R-7 launchers were rotated on the pad to the proper flight azimuth prior to launch.  Soyuz-2-1a can also be fitted with the new 4.1 meter diameter "ST" payload fairing.

A more powerful RD-0124 staged-combustion engine replaced RD-0110 on the Soyuz-2-1b variant, which debuted in December, 2006.   RD-0124 produces about the same thrust as RD-0110, but at 34 seconds higher specific impulse so that the engine can burn longer using the same amount of propellant.  With the new engine, Soyuz 2-1b can lift up to 8.5 tonnes to low earth orbit from Baikonur and more than 9 tonnes from Kourou.  With a Fregat upper stage, the upgraded launcher can boost 3 tonnes to geosynchronous transfer orbit from Kourou, allowing it to carry as much mass as some Ariane 4 versions.
    

Soyuz Progress M-48 Assembled on Transporter (TsSKB Progress)Fregat is powered by the S5.92 storable propellant engine, which burns unsymmetrical dimethyl hydrazine (UDMH) fuel and nitrogen tetroxide (N2O4) oxidizer to produce 2 tons of thrust. The engine is capable of up to 20 restarts during a mission. Fregat can provide more than 880 seconds of burn time.

The Soyuz launch vehicle and its payload are integrated horizontally in a hanger. The rocket is moved by rail and erected on the pad only two days before launch.

Starsem's Soyuz/Fregat flies from Baikonur Area 31/Pad 6.   

Soyuz/Molniya Russian government missions continue from Baikonur Area 1/Pad 5 and from Plestesk Area 16/Pad 2 and Area 43/Pads 3 and 4.



r7-1777.jpg (7834 bytes)Soyuz VS01 Launch

A new Soyuz Launch Complex (ELS) was constructed at the Guiana Space Center (CSG) at kourou, French Guiana in South America.  ELS was designed to handle Soyuz-2-1a and 2-1b.  It supported its first launch on October 21, 2011, when a Soyuz 2-1b/Fregat launched two European Galileo navigation satellites.   Arianespace was the contracting authority for the mission.   Russia's TsSKB Progress and NPO Lavochkin built the rocket and performed launch and flight operations.  Russia's TsENKI also performed launch operations. 

The Soyuz Launch Complex at Kourou is similar to Soyuz sites at Baikonur and Plesetsk, but features an additional mobile service tower used to vertically mate the payload to the rocket on the pad.


soy2-1v-1.jpg (2598 bytes)soy2-1v-2.jpg (23241 bytes)Soyuz 2-1v

Soyuz 2-1v is a serial-stage small payload launch vehicle derived from the R-7 family. It dispenses with the four strap-on first stage booster rockets that have powered R-7 since its original development.  The first stage is newly developed except for the top portion of the upper LOX tank, which is borrowed from the Soyuz 2-1b core stage.  A single, fixed NK-33A main engine is augmented by an RD-0110R steering engine that uses four single-axis pivoting nozzles. The second stage is the same as the existing Soyuz 2-1b third stage.

A new, optional "Volga" third stage will be used to insert payloads into higher-altitude low earth orbits. Volga will be based on a propulsion module for existing satellites. It will have a hypergolic propulsion system using UDMH fuel and N2O4 oxidizer.

Soyuz 2-1v will lift 2.85 tonnes to a 200 km x 56.8 deg orbit from Baikonur, 2.8 tonnes to a 200 km x 62.8 deg orbit from Plesetsk. With the Volga third stage, it will lift 1.4 tonnes to an 835 km x 98.7 deg sun-synchronous orbit from Plesetsk.

TsSKB Progress will build Soyuz 2-1v at its Samara plant. The rocket will launch from existing, modified pads at Plesetsk and Baikonur Cosmodromes. It will also fly from the new Vostochny Cosmodrome in Eastern Russia.  To interface Soyuz 2-1v with existing launching equipment, eight supports were installed on the first stage.  Four forward supports connect to booms on the pad while four aft supports connect to guiding systems on the pad.  

soy2-1v1a.jpg (10127 bytes)Soyuz 2-1v Inaugural Launch Success

Russia's Soyuz 2-1v, a new small satellite launch vehicle, achieved success during its inaugural launch from Plesetsk Cosmodrome on December 28, 2013. The two stage rocket, topped by a multiple-restart capable Volga third stage for orbit trim maneuvers, carried the 50 kg Aist satellite and two lightweight SKRL-765 radar calibration spheres into a roughly 600 x 625 km x 82.42 deg orbit following a 12:30 UTC liftoff from Site 43 Pad 4. The first two stages lifted Volga and its payloads into an initial roughly 260 x 600 km x 82.43 deg transfer orbit. Volga fired at apogee to circularize the orbit. Spacecraft separation occurred at about 14:10 UTC.

Soyuz 2-1v stands 44 meters tall and weighs about 157 tonnes at liftoff. It uses the existing Soyuz 2-1b third stage as a second stage. The first stage is newly developed except for the top portion of the upper LOX tank, which is borrowed from the Soyuz 2-1b core stage. A single chamber NK-33A staged combustion LOX/kerosene engine, augmented by a four-chamber RD-0110R steering engine, powers the first stage. At liftoff, the engines combine to produce more than 179 tonnes of sea level thrust. About 88% of the total thrust is produced by the NK-33A, an engine originally created as part of the Soviet Union's N1 lunar rocket program during the 1970s.

The first stage kerosene tank and the lower part of the LOX tank are 2.66 meters in diameter, fatter than the old Soyuz core's 2.15 meters diameter. The common upper tank section still flares out to 2.95 meters in diameter, allowing both Soyuz launcher types to share launch pad equipment.

The first stage burns for about 250 seconds.  The Blok I second stage, which is also powered by a staged combustion LOX/kerosene engine, burns for about 270 seconds.

Soyuz 2-1v can lift 2.85 tonnes to a 200 km x 51.6 deg orbit from Baikonur, or 1.4 tonnes to an 835 km sun synchronous orbit from Plesetsk.

Soyuz 2-1v plans call for the NK-33A engine to be replaced by a more powerful Energomash RD-193 engine derived from the RD-191 Angara engine, which in turn was derived from the RD-170/180 family that power Zenit and Atlas 5 rockets.  The decision to use RD-193 rather than restarting long-shelved NK-33A production will also likely affect the Orbital Sciences Antares rocket, which is currently using up a dwindling stock of refurbished NK-33 engines.



Vehicle Configurations

  LEO
Payload
(metric tons)
200 km x
(1) 51.6 deg
(2) 97 deg
(3) 835 km x 98.7 deg
GTO
Payload
(metric
tons)

35,786x200 km

Configuration LIftoff
Height
(meters)
Liftoff
Mass
(metric tons)
Soyuz-U 7 t   3 Stg Soyuz-U 42.5 m 310 t
Soyuz-U/Fregat 4.5 t (2)   3 Stg Soyuz-U + Fregat Stg 4 42.5 m 305 t
Molniya-M 2.5 t (2)   3 Stg Soyuz-U + Blok L Stg 4 42.5 m 305 t
Soyuz-FG 7.2 t   3 Stg Soyuz-FG 42.5 m 308 t
Soyuz-FG/Fregat
Soyuz-2-1a/Fregat
4.5 t (2)   3 Stg Soyuz-FG + Fregat Stg 4 42.5 m 308 t
Soyuz-2-1b/Fregat 8.5 t (1)
4.8 t (2)
2.4 t from Baikonur
3.0 t from Kourou
2 Stg Soyuz-FG + Soyuz-2-1b Stg3 + Fregat Stg 4 46.2 m 308 t
Soyuz 2-1v 2.85 t (1)
1.40 t (3)
  Soyuz 2-1v Stg 1 + Soyuz 2-1b Blok I Stg 2 + Volga Stg 3 44.0 m 157-160 t


Vehicle Components

  Soyuz-U
Boosters
(4 Total)
(Each)
Soyuz-U
Core
Stage 2
Soyuz-U
Blok I
Stage 3
Molniya
Blok L
Stage 4
Soyuz-FG
Boosters
(4 Total)
(Each)
Diameter (m) 2.66 m 2.15/2.95 m 2.66 m 2.4 m 2.66 m
Length (m) 19.6 m 27.8 m 6.7 m 2.6 m 19.6 m
Propellant Mass (tons) 39.2 t 94.5 t 23 t 3.45 t 39.6 t
Total Mass (tons) 42.7 t 101 t 25.4 t 4.5 t 43.4 t
Engine RD-107 RD-108 RD-0110 11D-53 RD-107A
Engine Mfgr          
Fuel Kerosene Kerosene Kerosene Kerosene Kerosene
Oxidizer LOX LOX LOX LOX LOX
Thrust
(SL tons)
83 t 76     85.5 t
Thrust
(Vac tons)
101.13 t 96 t 30.39 t 6.8 t 104.14 t
ISP (SL sec) 256 s 248     263.3 s
ISP (Vac sec) 313 s 315 s 330 s 340 s 320.2 s
Burn Time (sec) 118 s 286 s 240 s 192 s 118 s
No. Engines 1 (4 chmbr) 1 (4 chmbr) 1 (4 chmbr) 1 1 (4 chmbr)

Vehicle Components Cont'd

  Soyuz-FG
Core Stage 2
Soyuz-FG
Blok I
Stage 3
Soyuz-2-1b (ST)
Blok I
Stage 3
Soyuz 2-1v
Stage 1
Fregat
Stg 4
Volga
Stage 3
S
Fairing
ST
Fairing
Diameter 2.95 m 2.66 m 2.66 m 2.95 m 3.35 m 2.72-3.2 m 3.715 m 4.11 m
Length 27.1 m 6.7 m 6.7 m   1.5 m 1.025 m 7.7 m 11.43 m
Propellant Mass 92.95 t 22.79 t/22.83 t 22.79t/22.83t 119 t 5.35 t 0.3 - 0.9 t    
Total Mass 99.5 t/99.4 t 25.2 t/25.3 t 25.2 t/25.3 t   6.35 t 1.1 - 1.7 t    
Engine RD-108A RD-0110 RD-0124 NK-33A +
RD-0110R steering
S5.92      
Engine Mfgr       SNTK Kuznetsov
+ KBKhA
       
Thrust (SL) 80.81 t     154 t + 24.35 t        
Thrust (Vac) 94 t 30.38 t 30 t 167 t + 27.86 t 2 t 0.3 t    
ISP (SL) 257.7 s     297 s + 261.1 s        
ISP (Vac) 320.6 s 325 s 359 s 331 s + 298.7 s 330 s 307 s    
Burn Time 290 s 240 s 270 s 250 s        
No. Engines 1 (4 chmbr) 1 (4 chmbr) 1 (4 chmbr) 1 fixed +
4 chmbr steering
1      
Fuel Kerosene Kerosene Kerosene Kerosene UDMH UDMH    
Oxidizer LOX LOX LOX LOX N2O4 N2O4    

Soyuz-U Launch Sequence (Typical)

Time Event Altitude  
T-0 s Liftoff 0 km  
T+118 s Stage 1 Separation 50 km  
T+187 s Fairing Jettison 100 km  
T+287 s 2nd/3rd Stage Separation 160 km  
T+322 s 3rd Stage Skirt Panels Jettison 190 km  
T+529 s 3rd Stage Shutdown and Separation 220 km  
T+589 s Fregat Initial Burn to Parking Orbit (if Suborbital Soyuz Profile) Varies  
Varies Fregat Restarts as Required Varies  


R-7 Launch History Since January 1, 2000

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
DATE     VEHICLE           ID      PAYLOAD                 MASS(t) SITE*      ORBIT**
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
02/01/00 Soyuz-U           1642   Progress M1-1/Mir boost   7.15   TB 1/5     LEO/Mir
02/08/00 Soyuz-U/Fregat    ST07   Dummysat/IRDT                    TB 31/6    LEO
03/20/00 Soyuz-U/Fregat    ST08   Cluster-2 dummysats              TB 31/6    EEO
04/04/00 Soyuz-U           1645   Soyuz TM-30 (Mir-28 Crew)        TB 1/5     LEO/Mir
04/25/00 Soyuz-U           1646   Progress M1-2/Mir supply  7.15   TB 1/5     LEO/Mir
05/03/00 Soyuz-U           1647   Kosmos 2370                      TB 1/5     LEO
07/16/00 Soyuz-U/Fregat    ST09   Cluster 2 (FM6/FM7)              TB 31/6    EEO
08/06/00 Soyuz-U           1649   Progress M1-3 (ISS-1P)    7.15   TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
08/09/00 Soyuz-U/Fregat    ST10   Cluster 2 (FM5/FM8)              TB 31/6    EEO
09/29/00 Soyuz-U           1651   Kosmos 2373 (Yantar)      6.6    TB 31/6    LEO
10/16/00 Soyuz-U           1652   Progress M43 (Mir)               TB 1/5     LEO/Mir
10/31/00 Soyuz-U           1653   Soyuz TM-31/ISS-2R               TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
11/16/00 Soyuz-U           1654   Progress M1-4             7.15   TB 1/5     LEO/ISS

01/24/01 Soyuz-U           1655   Progress M1-5             7.15   TB 1/5     LEO/Mir
02/26/01 Soyuz-U           1656   Progress M-44/ISS3P              TB 1/5     LEO/ISS 
04/28/01 Soyuz-U           1657   Soyuz TM-32                      TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
05/20/01 Soyuz-FG          1658   Progress M1-6/ISS4P       7.15   TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
05/29/01 Soyux-U           1659   Kosmos 2377                      PL 43/4    LEO
07/20/01 Molniya-M         1660   Molniya 1K                       PL 43/4    EEO
08/21/01 Soyuz-U           1662   Progress M-45/ISS5P              TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
09/14/01 Soyuz-U           1663   Pirs (ISS-4R)                    TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
10/21/01 Soyuz-U           1664   Soyuz TM-33                      TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
10/25/01 Molniya-M         1665   Molniya-3                        PL 43/3    EEO
11/26/01 Soyuz-FG          1666   Progress M1-7/ISS6P       7.15   TB 1/5     LEO/ISS

02/25/02 Soyuz-U           1667   Kosmos 2387                      PL 43/3    LEO
03/21/02 Soyuz-U           1668   Progress M1-8(ISS-7P)     7.15   TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
04/01/02 Molniya-M         1669   Kosmos 2388                      PL 16/2    EEO/M
04/25/02 Soyuz-U           1670   Soyuz TM-34(ISS-4S)              TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
06/26/02 Soyuz-U           1671   Progress M-46(ISS8P)             TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
09/25/02 Soyuz-FG          1672   Progress M1-9             7.15   TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
10/15/02 Soyuz-U           1673   Foton M-1                 6.41   PL 43/3   [FTO] [1]
10/30/02 Soyuz-FG          1674   Soyuz TMA-1                      TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
12/24/02 Molniya-M         1675   Kosmos 2393 (US-K)        1.9    PL 16/2    EEO/M

02/02/03 Soyuz-U           1676   Progress M47              7.25   TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
04/02/03 Molniya-M         1677   Molniya-1T 92             1.66   PL 16/2    EEO/M
04/26/03 Soyuz FG          1678   Soyuz TMA-2               7.25   TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
06/02/03 Soyuz-FG/Fregat   ST11   Mars Express              1.12   TB 1/5     HCO
06/08/03 Soyuz U           1679   Progress M1-10            7.25   TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
06/19/03 Molniya M         1680   Molniya 3-53              1.60   PL 43/3    EEO/M
08/12/03 Soyuz-U           1681   Kosmos 2399               6.70   TB 31/6    LEO
08/29/03 Soyuz-U           1682   Progress M-48             7.25   TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
10/18/03 Soyuz-FG          1683   Soyuz TMA-3(ISS7S)        7.25   TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
12/27/03 Soyuz-FG/Fregat   ST12   AMOS 2                    1.40   TB 31/6    GTO+

01/29/04 Soyuz-U           1685   Progress M1-11(ISS13P)    7.2    TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
02/18/04 Molniya M         1686   Molniya 1T 93             1.9    PL 16/2    EEO/M
04/19/04 Soyuz-FG          1687   Soyuz TMA-4 (ISS8S)       7.2    TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
05/25/04 Soyuz-U           1688   Progress M-49 (ISS14P)    7.2    TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
08/11/04 Soyuz-U           1689   Progress M-50 (ISS15P)    7.2    TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
09/24/04 Soyuz-U           1690   Kosmos 2410               6.7    PL 16/2    LEO
10/14/04 Soyuz FG          1691   Soyuz TMA-5 (ISS9S)       7.2    TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
11/08/04 Soyuz-2-1A        1692   Oblik GVM (Test Flt)      6.5    PL 43/4    SUB [2]
12/23/04 Soyuz-U           1693   Progress M-51             7.5    TB 5/1     LEO/ISS

02/28/05 Soyuz-U           1694   Progress M52(ISS17P)      7.3    TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
04/14/05 Soyuz FG          1695   Soyuz TMA-6               7.3    TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
05/31/05 Soyuz-U           1696   Foton M-2                 6.5    TB 1/5     LEO
06/16/05 Soyuz-U           1697   Progress M-53(ISS18P)     7.3    TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
06/21/05 Molniya M         1698   Molniya 3K                1.7    PL 16/2   [FTO] [3]
08/13/05 Soyuz-FG/Fregat   ST13   Galaxy 14                 2.1    TB 31/6    GTO+
09/02/05 Soyuz-U           1700   Kosmos 2415 (Kometa)      6.6    TB 31/6    LEO
09/08/05 Soyuz-U           1701   Progress M-54             7.3    TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
10/01/05 Soyuz-FG          1702   Soyuz TMA-7 (ISS11S)      7.3    TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
11/09/05 Soyuz FG/Fregat   ST14   Venus Express             1.3    TB 31/6    HCO
12/21/05 Soyuz U           1704   Progress M-55/ISS-20P     7.3    TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
12/28/05 Soyuz FG/Fregat   ST15   GIOVE-A                   0.6    TB 31/6    MEO

03/30/06 Soyuz FG          1706   Soyuz TMA-8               7.25   TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
04/24/06 Soyuz U           1707   Progress M-56             7.3    TB 1/5     LEO /ISS
05/03/06 Soyuz U           1708   Kosmos 2420               6.7    PL 16/2    LEO
06/15/06 Soyuz-U           1709   Resurs DK-1               7.25   TB 1/5     LEO
06/24/06 Soyuz-U           1710   Progress M-57             7.25   TB 1/5     LEO
07/21/06 Molniya M         1711   Kosmos 2422 (Oko)         2.4    PL 16/2    EEO/M
09/14/06 Soyuz-U           1712   Kosmos 2423               6.75   TB 31/6    LEO
09/18/06 Soyuz-FG          1713   Soyuz TMA-9/ISS-13S       7.25   TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
10/19/06 Soyuz 2-1a/Fregat 1714   METOP-A (ST16)            4.18   TB 31/6    LEO/S
10/23/06 Soyuz U           1715   Progress M-58             7.25   TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
12/24/06 Soyuz 2.1a/Fregat 1716   Meridian (Kosmos)         2.00?  PL 43/4    EEO/M
12/27/06 Soyuz 2.1b/Fregat 1717   COROT (ST17)              0.63   TB 31/6    LEO/P

01/18/07 Soyuz-U           1718   Progress M-59/ISS24P      7.4    TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
04/07/07 Soyuz FG          1719   Soyuz TMA-10 (ISS14S)     7.25   TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
05/12/07 Soyuz U           1720   Progress M-60/ISS25P      7.28   TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
05/29/07 Soyuz FG/Fregat   1721   4xGlobalstar (ST-18)      1.8    TB 31/6    LEO
06/07/07 Soyuz-U           1722   Kosmos 2427 (Kobolt-M)    6.7    PL 16/2    LEO
08/02/07 Soyuz-U           1723   Progress M-61 (26P)       7.2    TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
09/14/07 Soyuz-U           1724   Foton M3                  6.5    TB 1/5     LEO
10/10/07 Soyuz FG          1725   Soyuz TMA-11 (ISS16S)     7.25   TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
10/20/07 Soyuz FG/Fregat   1726   4xGlobalstar (ST-19)      1.8    TB 31/6    LEO
10/23/07 Molniya-M/2BL     1727   Kosmos 2430(Oko)          2.4    PL 16/2    EEO/M
12/14/07 Soyuz FG/Fregat   1728   Radarsat 2 (ST20)         2.2    TB 31/6    LEO/S
12/23/07 Soyuz-U           1729   Progress M-62             7.13   TB 1/5     LEO/ISS

02/05/08 Soyuz U           1730   Progress M-63             7.13   TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
04/08/08 Soyuz FG          1731   Soyuz TMA-12              7.2    TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
04/26/08 Soyuz FG/Fregat   1732   GIOVE B (ST-21)           0.5    TB 31/6    MEO
05/14/08 Soyuz U           1733   Progress M-64 (P29)       7.056  TB 1/5     LEO/ISS  
07/26/08 Soyuz-2.1b        1734   Kosmos 2441 (Persona 1)          PL 43/4    LEO/S
09/10/08 Soyuz-U           1735   Progress M-65 (P30)       7.1    TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
10/12/08 Soyuz-FG          1736   Soyuz TMA-13              7.2    TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
11/14/08 Soyuz-U           1737   Kosmos 2445 (Kobol't-M)          PL 16/2    LEO
11/26/08 Soyuz U           1738   Progress M-1M             7.29   TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
12/02/08 Molniya M         1739   Kosmos 2446 (Oko-2)              PL 16/2    EEO/M

02/10/09 Soyuz U           1740   Progress M66/ISS32P       7.25   TB 31/6    LEO/ISS
03/26/09 Soyuz FG          1741   Soyuz TMA-14 (ISS18S)     7.25   TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
04/29/09 Soyuz-U           1742   Kosmos 2450 (Kobal't-M)          PL         LEO
05/07/09 Soyuz-U           1743   Progress M-02M/ISS33P     7.12   TB 5/1     LEO/ISS
05/21/09 Soyuz 2-1a/Fregat 1744   Meridan 2                        PL 43/4   [EEO] [4]
05/27/09 Soyuz FG          1745   Soyuz TMA 15              7.25   TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
07/24/09 Soyuz U           1746   Progress M-67 (ISS 34P)   7.285  TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
09/17/09 Soyuz 2-1b/Fregat 1747   Meteor M1 +6microsats     2.7    TB 31/6    LEO/S
09/30/09 Soyuz-FG          1748   Soyuz TMA-16              7.25   TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
10/15/09 Soyuz U           1749   Progress M-03M            7.2    TB 5/1     LEO/ISS
11/10/09 Soyuz U           1750   Progress M-MRM2           7.1    TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
11/20/09 Soyuz U           1751   Kosmos 2455 (Lotos-s)     6.9?   PL 16/2    LEO
12/20/09 Soyuz FG          1752   Soyuz TMA-17              7.25   TB 1/5     LEO/ISS

02/03/10 Soyuz-U           1753   Progress M-04M (36P)      7.4    TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
04/02/10 Soyuz-FG          1754   Soyuz TMA-18 (ISS22S)     7.2    TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
04/16/10 Soyuz-U           1755   Kosmos 2462 (Kobalt)             PL ??      LEO
04/28/10 Soyuz U           1756   Progress M-05M            7.4    TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
06/15/10 Soyuz FG          1757   Soyuz TMA-19 (ISS23S)     7.2    TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
06/30/10 Soyuz U           1758   Progress M-06M (38P)      7.25   TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
09/10/10 Soyuz U           1759   Progress M-07M            7.16   TB 31/6    LEO/ISS
09/30/10 Molniya-M         1760   Kosmos 2469 (Oko)         2.4    PL 16/2    EEO/M [5]
10/07/10 Soyuz FG          1761   Soyuz TMA-01M (ISS24S)    7.2    TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
10/19/10 Soyuz 2-1a/Fregat 1762   ST22/6xGlobalstar         4.2    TB 31/6    LEO
10/27/10 Soyuz U           1763   Progress M-08M (40P)      7.29   TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
11/02/10 Soyuz 2-1a/Fregat 1764   Meridian 3               ~2.0    PL 43/4    EEO/M
12/15/10 Soyuz FG          1765   Soyuz TMA-20              7.2    TB 1/5     LEO/ISS

01/28/11 Soyuz-U           1766   Progress M-09M            7.3    TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
02/26/11 Soyuz 2-1b/Fregat 1767   Glonass-K                 0.94   PL 43/4    MEO
04/04/11 Soyuz-FG          1768   Soyuz TMA-21              7.3    TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
04/27/11 Soyuz-U           1769   Progress M-10M            7.3    TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
05/04/11 Soyuz 2-1a/Fregat 1770   Meridian                         PL 43/4    EEO/M
06/07/11 Soyuz FG          1771   Soyuz TMA-02M             7.2    TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
06/21/11 Soyuz-U           1772   Progress M-11M            7.3    TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
06/27/11 Soyuz-U           1773   Kosmos 2472 (Kobalt M)           PL 16/2    LEO
07/13/11 Soyuz 2-1a/Fregat ST23   6xGlobalstar-2            3.9    TB 31/6    LEO
08/24/11 Soyuz U           1775   Progress M-12M            7.3    TB 1/5    [FTO] [6]
10/02/11 Soyuz 2-1b/Fregat 1776   Glonass M                 1.414  PL 43/4    MEO
10/21/11 Soyuz 2-1b/Fregat 1777   VS-01/2xGalileo           1.4    KO ELS     MEO
10/30/11 Soyuz U           1778   Progress M-13M (45P)      7.3    TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
11/14/11 Soyuz FG          1779   Soyuz TMA-22              7.2    TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
11/27/11 Soyuz 2-1B/Fregat 1780   Glonass-M                 1.414  PL 43/4    MEO
12/17/11 Soyuz 2-1a/Fregat 1781   VS-02/6sats               2.1    KO ELS     LEO/S
12/21/11 Soyuz FG          1782   Soyuz TMA-03M             7.2    TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
12/23/11 Soyuz 2-1b/Fregat 1783   Meridian                         PL 43/4   [FTO] [7]
12/28/11 Soyuz 2-1a/Fregat 1784   ST24/6xGlobalstar         4.2    TB 31/6    LEO

01/25/12 Soyuz U           1785    Progress M-14M           7.2    TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
04/20/12 Soyuz U           1786    Progress M-15M           7.2    TB 31/6    LEO/ISS
05/15/12 Soyuz FG          1787    Soyuz TMA-04M            7.2    TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
05/17/12 Soyuz U           1788    Kobalt M                 6.7    PL 16/2    LEO
07/15/12 Soyuz FG          1788    Soyuz TMA-05M            7.2    TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
07/22/12 Soyuz FG/Fregat   1789    Konopus-B/MKA-FKI/+3sat         TB 31/6    LEO/S
08/01/12 Soyuz U           1790    Progress M-16M           7.1    TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
09/17/12 Soyuz 2-1a/Fregat ST-25   Metop B                  4.085  TB 31/6    LEO/S
10/12/12 Soyuz 2-1b/Fregat VS03    IOV-2/Galileo FM3,4      1.4    KO ELS     MEO
10/23/12 Soyuz FG          1793    Soyuz TMA-06M            7.2    TB 31/6    LEO/ISS
10/31/12 Soyuz U           1794    Progress M-17M           7.1    TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
11/14/12 Soyuz 2-1a/Fregat 1795    Merdian 6                       PL 43/3    EEO/M
12/02/12 Soyuz 2-1a/Fregat VS04    Pleiades 1B              0.97   KO ELS     LEO/S
12/19/12 Soyuz FG          1797    Soyuz TMA-07M            7.2    TB 1/5     LEO/ISS

02/06/13 Soyuz 2-1a/Fregat 1799    ST26/6xGlobalstar        4.2    TB 31/6    LEO
02/11/13 Soyuz U           1800    Progress M-18M           7.2    TB 1/5     LEO/ISS 
03/28/13 Soyuz FG          1801    Soyuz TMA-08M            7.2    TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
04/19/13 Soyuz 2-1a        1802    BION-M1                  6.5    TB 31/6    LEO
04/24/13 Soyuz U           1803    Progress M-19M           7.2    TB 1/5     LEO/ISS 
04/26/13 Soyuz 2-1b/Fregat 1804    Glonass M                1.415  PL 43/4    MEO
05/28/13 Soyuz FG          1805    Soyuz TMA-09M            7.2    TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
06/07/13 Soyuz 2-1b        1806    Persona                  6.5    PL 43/4    LEO
06/25/13 Soyuz 2-1b        1807    Resurs P1                6.58   TB 31/6    LEO
06/25/13 Soyuz 2-1b/Fregat 1808    VS05/O3b F1              2.8    KO ELS     MEO
07/27/13 Soyuz U           1809    Progress M-20M           7.2    TB 31/6    LEO/ISS
09/25/13 Soyuz FG          1810    Soyuz TMA-10M            7.2    TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
11/07/13 Soyuz FG          1811    Soyuz TMA-11M            7.2    TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
11/25/13 Soyuz U           1812    Progress M-21M           7.2    TB 31/6    LEO/ISS
12/19/13 Soyuz 2.1b/Fregat 1813    VS06/Gaia                2.034  KO ELS     EEO 
12/28/13 Soyuz 2-1v/Volga  001     Aist                     0.2?   PL 43/4    LEO

02/05/14 Soyuz U           1814    Progress M-22M           7.2    TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
03/23/14 Soyuz 2-1b/Fregat 1815    Glonass M                1.415  PL 43/4    MEO
03/25/14 Soyuz FG          1816    Soyuz TMA-12M            7.2    TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
04/03/14 Soyuz 2-1a/Fregat VS07    Sentinal 1A              2.3    KO ELS     LEO/S
04/09/14 Soyuz U           1818    Progress M-23M           7.2    TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
04/16/14 Soyuz U           1819    Egyptsat 2               1.05   TB 31/6    LEO
05/06/14 Soyuz 2-1a        1820    Kobalt-M                 6.7    PL 43/4    LEO
05/28/14 Soyuz FG          1821    Soyuz TMA-13M            7.121  TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
06/14/14 Soyuz 2-1b/Fregat 1822    Glonass M                1.415  PL 43/4    MEO
07/08/14 Soyuz 2-1b/Fregat 1823    Meteor M2 +6usats        3.332  TB 31/6    LEO/S
07/10/14 Soyuz 2-1b/Fregat 1824    VS08/O3bF2               2.8    KO ELS     MEO
07/18/14 Soyuz 2-1a        1825    Foton M4                 6.84   TB 31/6    LEO
07/23/14 Soyuz U           1826    Progress M-24M           7.2    TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
08/22/14 Soyuz 2-1b/Fregat VS09    2xGalileo FOC-1          1.466  KO ELS    [EEO][8]
09/25/14 Soyuz FG          1828    Soyuz TMA-14M            7.25   TB 1/5     LEO/ISS
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[1] Main engine failure 7 seconds after liftoff.  Engines cut off about 20 seconds 
     after liftoff.  Fell back near pad and exploded about 40 seconds after launch.  
     Blast killed 20-year-old soldier Ivan Marchenko and injured eight other solidiers 
     in processing building 1 km from pad when large glass window was blown in.  

[2] Successful Suborbital test flight of first Soyuz-2-1A.

[3] Excessive fuel consumption by the 2nd-stage engine caused 
      destruction of the engine at T+4m58s, just before planned 
      stage 2/3 separation.  Failed to orbit.  First Molniya-M
      launch failure since 6/21/90 after 52 consecutive successes.

[4] 321 x 36,461km x 62.8 deg, short of planned 1,000 x 39,800 km x 63 deg 12-hr orbit
    Reported early Fregat shutdown 3-5 sec too soon during 3rd and final burn.
    Cause traced to bad data about payload input into flight computer. 

[5] Final Molniya-M.

[6] Failed to Orbit.  3rd stg propulsion failed T+325 sec.  Gas generator fuel blocked.

[7] Failed to Orbit.  3rd stg failure at T+421 sec.

[8] Satellites and Fregat left in 13,720 x 25,920 km x 49.7 deg orbits, far short 
      of planned 23,522 km x 55.04 deg circular orbits.

References

Soyuz User's Manual, Starsem, April 2001
http://www.npoenergomash.ru/eng/engines/rd107/

 Last Update:  September 25, 2014